MIRAGE Phase III Randomized Controlled Trial Demonstrates Superiority of MRIdian® MRI-Guidance in Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT) for Localized Prostate Cancer
Final outcomes comparing acute grade ≥2 genitourinary toxicity following MRI- vs. CT-guided prostate SBRT presented at ASTRO 2022
Final outcomes of the phase III randomized trial comparing acute grade ≥2 genitourinary (GU) toxicity following MRIdian MRI-guided vs. CT-guided prostate SBRT determined that MRI-guidance significantly reduced acute grade ≥2 GU and gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity. In the trial, 156 patients were randomized and received MRIdian MRI-guided SBRT or CT-guided SBRT (40 Gy in five fractions). Acute grade ≥2 GU toxicity rates were significantly lower with MRI-guidance vs. CT-guidance (24.4% in the MRI group vs. 43.4% in the CT group). Rates of acute grade ≥2 GI toxicity were also significantly lower with MRI-guidance (0.0% in the MRI group vs. 10.5% in the CT group). On multivariable analysis, which controls for differences in the use of hydrogel spacer, prostate size, and baseline urinary symptoms, the MRI-guidance arm was associated with a 60% reduction in odds of grade ≥2 GU toxicity.
Perhaps even more notably, there were improvements in multiple patient-reported outcomes. Significantly more patients receiving CT-guided SBRT experienced large increases in urinary symptoms, as measured by a >15 points increase in International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) (6.8% in the MRI group vs. 19.4% in the CT group). Similarly, a significantly greater percentage of patients experienced a clinically notable decrease in bowel-related quality of life with CT-guided, as measured by the Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite-26 (EPIC-26) survey (25.0% in the MRI group vs. 50.0% in the CT group). Finally, though it is too early to draw final conclusions as more than 2/3rds of men on the trial received hormonal therapy, exploratory analysis in men who did not receive hormonal therapy showed that patient-reported, sexual-function scores (by EPIC-26) decreased more in men receiving CT-guided SBRT.
"A major consideration with prostate SBRT is the margin of normal tissue around the target that is exposed to high-dose radiation. The highly positive final results of our phase III MIRAGE trial show that when MRI-guidance is used to shrink this margin, there are significant improvements in both physician-scored and patient-reported toxicity in terms of urinary and bowel side effects," said
The MRIdian system provides oncologists outstanding anatomical visualization through diagnostic-quality MR images and the ability to adapt a radiation therapy plan to the targeted cancer with the patient on the table. This combination allows physicians to define tight treatment margins to avoid unnecessary radiation exposure of vulnerable organs-at-risk and healthy tissue and allows the delivery of ablative radiation doses in five or fewer treatment sessions, without relying on implanted markers. By providing real-time continuous tracking of the target and organs-at-risk, MRIdian enables automatic gating of the radiation beam if the target moves outside the user-defined margins. This allows for delivery of the prescribed dose to the target, while sparing surrounding healthy tissue and critical structures, which results in minimizing toxicities typically associated with conventional radiation therapy.
To date, nearly 27,000 patients have been treated with MRIdian. Currently, 54 MRIdian systems are installed at hospitals around the world where they are used to treat a wide variety of solid tumors and are the focus of numerous ongoing research efforts. MRIdian has been the subject of hundreds of peer-reviewed publications, scientific meeting abstracts, and presentations. For a list of treatment centers, please visit: https://viewray.com/find-mridian-mri-guided-radiation-therapy/
Conflicts of Interest:
Disclaimer: Nothing in this material is intended to provide specific medical advice or to take the place of written law or regulations.
The MRIdian Linac System is not appropriate for all patients, including those who are not candidates for magnetic resonance imaging. Radiation treatments may cause side effects that can vary depending on the part of the body being treated. The most frequent ones are typically temporary and may include, but are not limited to, irritation to the respiratory, digestive, urinary, or reproductive systems; fatigue; nausea; skin irritation; and hair loss. In some patients, side effects can be severe. Treatment sessions may vary in complexity and duration. Radiation treatment is not appropriate for all cancers. You should discuss the potential for side effects and their severity as well as the benefits of radiation and magnetic resonance imaging with your doctor to make sure radiation treatment is right for you.
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